Mexico

Map:

Flag:

Coat of arms :

Capital: Mexico City

Geographic coordinates: 23 00 N, 102 00 W

Territory: 1,964,375 km2

Land boarder: 4,353 km

Coastline: 9,330 km

Natural resources: petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber

Land use: arable land: 12.98%; permanent crops: 1.36%; other: 85.66% 

Ethnic groups: mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%

Languages: Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%

Religions: Roman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% 

Population: 120,286,655

Median age : total: 27.3 years; male: 26.3 years; female: 28.4 years 

Population growth rate: 1.21%

Administrative divisions: 31 states (estados, singular - estado) and 1 federal district* (distrito federal); Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Colima, Distrito Federal*, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro de Arteaga, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave (Veracruz), Yucatan, Zacatecas

Economics:

 

 

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

1

GDP per capita (USD):

7954

9201

10107

10140

10658

2

GDP (USD bn):

895,8

1052

1169

1187

1262

3

Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %):

-4,7

5,1

4

4

1,1

4

Consumption (annual variation in %):

-6,5

5,7

4,8

4,9

2,5

5

Investment (annual variation in %):

-9,3

1,3

7,8

4,5

-1,8

6

Industrial Production (annual variation in %):

-6,2

4,6

3,4

2,7

-0,7

7

Retail Sales (annual variation in %):

-4,3

2,4

3,5

3,7

-0,3

8

Unemployment Rate:

4,8

4,9

4,5

4,5

4,3

9

Fiscal Balance (% of GDP):

-2,3

-2,8

-2,4

-2,6

-2,3

10

Public Debt (% of GDP):

34,3

33,5

34,9

35,2

38,3

11

Money (annual variation in %):

6,7

12,8

16,1

14,5

9,2

12

Inflation (CPI, annual variation in %):

5,3

4,2

3,4

4,1

3,8

13

Policy Interest Rate (%):

4,5

4,5

4,5

4,5

4,5

14

Stock Market (annual variation in %):

43,5

20

-3,8

17,9

-2,2

15

Current Account (% of GDP):

-0,9

-0,4

-1,1

-1,3

-2,1

16

Exports (USD billion):

229,7

298,5

349,4

370,8

380

17

Exports (annual variation in %):

-21,2

29,9

17,1

6,1

2,5

18

Imports (USD billion):

234,4

301,5

350,8

370,8

381,2

19

Imports (annual variation in %):

-24,1

28,6

16,4

5,7

2,8

20

International Reserves (USD):

90,8

113,6

142,5

163,5

176,5

21

External Debt (% of GDP):

18,5

18,8

18

19,2

20,5

 

Military expenditures of GDP: 0.59%

Executive branch: chief of state: President Enrique PENA NIETO (since 1 December 2012); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Enrique PENA NIETO (since 1 December 2012)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president; note - appointment of attorney general, the head of the Bank of Mexico, and senior treasury officials require consent of the Senate

elections: president elected by popular vote for a single six-year term; election last held on 1 July 2012 (next to be held in July 2018)

election results: Enrique PENA NIETO elected president; percent of vote - Enrique PENA NIETO (PRI) 38.21%, Andres Manuel LOPEZ OBRADOR (PRD) 31.59%, Josefina Eugenia VAZQUEZ Mota (PAN) 25.41%, other 4.79%

Legislative branch: bicameral National Congress or Congreso de la Union consists of the Senate or Camara de Senadores (128 seats; 96 members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms, and 32 seats allocated on the basis of each party's popular vote) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (500 seats; 300 members are elected by popular vote; remaining 200 members are allocated on the basis of each party's popular vote; members to serve three-year terms)

elections: Senate - last held on 1 July 2012 for all of the seats (next to be held on 1 July 2018); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 1 July 2012 (next to be held on 5 July 2015)

election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PRI 52, PAN 38, PRD 22, PVEM 9, PT 4, Movimiento Ciudadano 2, PANAL 1; Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PRI 208, PAN 114, PRD 100, PVEM 33, PT 19, Movimiento Ciudadano 16, PANAL 10

Judicial branch: highest court(s): Supreme Court of Justice or Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nacion (consists of the chief justice and 11 justices and organized into civil, criminal, administrative, and labor panels) and the Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary (organized into the superior court, with 7 judges including the court president and 5 regional courts, each with 3 judges)

judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court justices nominated by the president of the republic and approved by two-thirds vote of the members present in the Senate; justices serve for life; Electoral Tribunal superior and regional court judges nominated by the Supreme Court and elected by two-thirds vote of members present in the Senate; superior court president elected from among its members to hold office for a single-renewable 4-year term; other judges of the superior and regional courts serve staggered, single-renewable 9-year terms

subordinate courts: federal level includes circuit, collegiate, and unitary courts; state and district level courts

Telephones - main lines in use: 20,220,000

Telephones - mobile cellular: 100,786,000