Russia

Map:

Flag:

Coat of arms :

Capital: Moscow

Geographic coordinates: 60 00 N, 100 00 E

Territory: total: 17,098,242 km2; land: 16,377,742 km2; water: 720,500 km2

Land boarder: 22,407 km

Coastline: 37,653 km

Natural resources: wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, reserves of rare earth elements, timber

Land use: arable land: 7.11%; permanent crops: 0.1%; other: 92.79% (2011)

Ethnic groups: Russian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9%

note: more than 190 ethnic groups are represents in Russia's 2010 census (2010 est.)

Languages: Russian (official) 96.3%, German 1.5%, Chechen 1%, Tatar 3%, other 10.3%

Religions: Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)

Population: 142,470,272 (July 2014 est.)

Median age: total: 38.9 years; male: 36 years; female: 41.9 years (2014 est.)

Population growth rate: -0.03% (2014 est.)

Administrative divisions: 46 provinces, 21 republics, 4 autonomous okrugs, 9 krays, 2 federal cities, and 1 autonomous oblast

Economy:

 

 

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

1

GDP per capita (USD):

7,841

10,673

13,201

14,329

15,554

2

GDP (USD bn):

1,119

1,525

1,886

2,049

2,223

3

Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %):

-7,8

4,5

4,3

3,4

1,3

4

Consumption (annual variation in %):

-5,1

5,5

6,8

7,9

4,7

5

Investment (annual variation in %):

-14,4

5,9

10,2

5,3

-0,1

6

Industrial Production (annual variation in %):

-9,2

7,3

5,1

3,4

0,4

7

Retail Sales (annual variation in %):

-4,8

6,2

6,9

6,5

3,9

8

Unemployment Rate:

8,4

7,5

6,6

5,5

5,5

9

Fiscal Balance (% of GDP):

-5,4

-3,9

0,8

0

-0,7

10

Public Debt (% of GDP):

8,3

9

9,6

10,5

11,3

11

Money (annual variation in %):

17,7

31,1

22,3

11,9

14,6

12

Inflation (CPI, annual variation in %):

11,7

6,9

8.4

5,1

6,8

13

Policy Interest Rate (%):

6

5

5,25

5,5

5,5

14

Stock Market (annual variation in %):

128,6

22,5

-21,9

10,5

-5,5

15

Current Account (% of GDP):

4,3

4,6

5,2

3,5

1,5

16

Exports (USD billion):

297,2

392,7

515,4

527,4

523,3

17

Exports (annual variation in %):

-36,3

32,1

31,3

2,3

-0,8

18

Imports (USD billion):

183,9

245,7

318,6

335,8

341,3

19

Imports (annual variation in %):

-36,3

33,6

29,7

5,4

1,7

20

International Reserves (USD):

439,5

479,4

498,7

537,6

509,6

21

External Debt (% of GDP):

41,8

32,1

28,9

31,1

32,8

 

Military expenditures: 4.47% of GDP (2012)

Executive branch: chief of state: President Vladimir Vladimirovich PUTIN (since 7 May 2012); head of government: Premier Dmitriy Anatolyevich MEDVEDEV (since 8 May 2012); election results: Vladimir PUTIN elected president; percent of vote - Vladimir PUTIN 63.6%, Gennadiy ZYUGANOV 17.2%, Mikhail PROKHOROV 8%, Vladimir ZHIRINOVSKIY 6.2%, Sergey MIRONOV 3.9%, other 1.1%; Dmitriy MEDVEDEV approved as premier by Duma; vote - 299 to 144

Legislative branch: bicameral Federal Assembly or Federalnoye Sobraniye consists of an upper house, the Federation Council (166 seats; two members appointed by the top executive and legislative officials in each of the 83 federal administrative units - oblasts, krays, republics, autonomous okrugs and oblasts, and the federal cities of Moscow and Saint Petersburg; term lengths are not fixed but instead are determined by the regional bodies represented) and a lower house, the State Duma (450 seats; as of 2007, all members elected by proportional representation from party lists winning at least 7% of the vote; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

elections: State Duma - last held on 4 December 2011 (next to be held in December 2016)

election results: State Duma - United Russia 49.6%, CPRF 19.2%, Just Russia 13.2%, LDPR 11.7%, other 6.3%; total seats by party - United Russia 238, CPRF 92, Just Russia 64, LDPR 56

Judicial branch: highest court(s): Supreme Court of the Russian Federation (consists of 23 members); Constitutional Court (consists of 19 members); Superior Court of Arbitration (consists of a chairman and 4 deputy chairmen); note - as of January 2014 legislation was pending that would merge the Constitutional Court and Superior Court of Arbitration

Telephones - main lines in use: 42.9 million (2012)

Telephones - mobile cellular: 261.9 million (2012)