Spain

Map:

Flag:

Coat of arms :

Capital: Madrid

Geographic coordinates: 40 00 N, 4 00 W

Territory: 505,370 km2

Land boarder: 1,920.4 km

Coastline: 4,964 km

Natural resources: coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land

Land use: arable land: 24.75%; permanent crops: 9.29%; other: 65.96%

Ethnic groups: composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types

Languages: Castilian Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, and Basque 2%

Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%

Population: 47,737,941

Median age: total: 41.6 years; male: 40.4 years; female: 42.9 years

Population growth rate: 0.81%

Administrative divisions: 17 autonomous communities and 2 autonomous cities; Andalucia; Aragon; Asturias; Canarias (Canary Islands); Cantabria; Castilla-La Mancha; Castilla-Leon; Catalunya; Ceuta; Valencian Community; Extremadura; Galicia; Balearic Islands; La Rioja; Madrid; Melilla; Murcia; Navarra; Basque Country

Economics:

 

 

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

1

GDP per capita (USD):

22,578

22,457

22,388

22,009

21,948

2

GDP (USD bn):

1,047

1,046

1,046

1,029

1,023

3

Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %):

-3,8

-0,2

0,1

-1,6

-1,2

4

Consumption (annual variation in %):

-3,8

0,1

-1,2

-2,8

-2,1

5

Investment (annual variation in %):

-18

-5,5

-5,4

-7

-5,1

6

Industrial Production (annual variation in %):

-15,2

0,8

-1,5

-6,6

-1,5

7

Retail Sales (annual variation in %):

-5,6

-1,8

-5,8

-7

-4

8

Unemployment Rate:

17,9

19,9

21,4

24,8

26,1

9

Fiscal Balance (% of GDP):

-11,1

-9,6

-9,6

-10,6

-7,1

10

Public Debt (% of GDP):

54

61,7

70,5

86

93,9

11

Money (annual variation in %):

 

 

 

 

 

12

Inflation (HICP, annual variation in %):

-0,2

2,0

3,1

2,4

1,5

13

Policy Interest Rate (%):

1

1

1

0,75

0,25

14

Stock Market (annual variation in %):

29,8

-17,4

-13,1

-4,7

21,4

15

Current Account (% of GDP):

-4,9

-4,2

-3,9

-1,2

0,8

16

Exports (USD billion):

 

 

 

 

 

17

Exports (annual variation in %):

 

 

 

 

 

18

Imports (USD billion):

 

 

 

 

 

19

Imports (annual variation in %):

 

 

 

 

 

20

International Reserves (USD):

 

 

 

 

 

21

External Debt (% of GDP):

 

 

 

 

 

 

Military expenditures: 0.86% of GDP

Executive branch:

chief of state: King FELIPE VI (since 19 June 2014); Heir Apparent Princess Leonor, daughter of the monarch, born 31 October 2005

head of government: President of the Government (Prime Minister equivalent) Mariano RAJOY (since 20 December 2011); Vice President (and Minister of the President's Office) Soraya SAENZ DE SANTAMARIA (since 22 December 2011)

  • Council of Ministers designated by the president

Legislative branch:

bicameral; General Courts or Las Cortes Generales (National Assembly) consists of the Senate or Senado (257 seats as of 2013; 208 members directly elected by popular vote and the other 49 - as of 2013 - appointed by the regional legislatures and 265 seats as of 2014; 208 members directly elected by popular vote and the other 57 - as of 2014 - appointed by the regional legislatures; members to serve four-year terms) and the Congress of Deputies or Congreso de los Diputados (350 seats; each of the 50 electoral provinces fills a minimum of two seats and the North African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla fill one seat each with members serving a four-year term; the other 248 members are determined by proportional representation based on popular vote on block lists who serve four-year terms)

  • Senate - last held on 20 November 2011 (next to be held by November 2015); Congress of Deputies - last held on 20 November 2011 (next to be held by November 2015)

election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PP 136, PSOE 48, CiU 9, Entesa (PSC-PSOE) 7, EAJ/PNV 4, other 4, members appointed by regional legislatures 49; Congress of Deputies - percent of vote by party - PP 44.6%, PSOE 28.8%, CiU 4.2%, IU 6.9%, Amaiur 1.4%, UPyD 4.7%, EAJ/PNV 1.3%, other 8.1%; seats by party - PP 186, PSOE 110, CiU 16, IU 11, Amaiur 7, UPyD 5, EAJ/PNV 5, other 10

Judicial branch:

highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of the court president and organized into the Civil Room with a president and 9 magistrates, the Penal Room with a president and 14 magistrates, the Administrative Room with a president and 32 magistrates, the Social Room with a president and 12 magistrates, and the Military Room with a president and 7 magistrates); Constitutional Court (consists of 12 judges)

judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges appointed by the monarch from candidates proposed by the General Council of the Judicial Power, a 20-member body chaired by the monarch and includes presidential appointees, and lawyers and jurists elected by the National Assembly; judge tenure NA; Constitutional Court judges appointed by the monarch for 9-year terms

subordinate courts: National Court; High Courts of Justice (in each of the autonomous communities); provincial courts; courts of first instance

Telephones - main lines in use: 19220000

Telephones - mobile cellular: 50663000