Portugal

Map:

Flag:

Coat of arms :

Capital: Lisbon

Geographic coordinates: 39 30 N, 8 00 W

Territory: 92,090 km2

Land boarder: 1,214 km

Coastline: 1,793 km

Natural resources: fish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower

Land use: arable land: 11.88%; permanent crops: 7.71%; other: 80.41%

Ethnic groups: homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal

Languages: Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)

Religions: Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim, other) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3%

Population: 10,813,834

Median age: total: 41.1 years; male: 39 years; female: 43.3 years

Population growth rate: 0.12%

Administrative divisions: 18 districts and 2 autonomous regions; Aveiro, Acores, Beja, Braga, Braganca, Castelo Branco, Coimbra, Evora, Faro, Guarda, Leiria, Lisboa, Madeira, Portalegre, Porto, Santarem, Setubal, Viana do Castelo, Vila Real, Viseu

Economics:

 

 

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

1

GDP per capita (USD):

15,851

16,251

16,067

15,573

15,612

2

GDP (EUR bn):

168,5

172,9

171,1

165,1

165,7

3

Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %):

-2,9

1,9

-1,2

-3,2

-1,4

4

Consumption (annual variation in %):

-2,4

2,6

-3,4

-5,4

-1,7

5

Investment (annual variation in %):

-8,6

-3,1

-10,5

-14,4

-6,3

6

Industrial Production (annual variation in %):

-8,1

1,5

-0,9

-6,1

0,4

7

Retail Sales (annual variation in %):

-1,9

-1,2

-8,1

-5,8

-1,5

8

Unemployment Rate:

9,5

10,8

12,7

15,7

16,2

9

Fiscal Balance (% of GDP):

-10,2

-9,8

-4,3

-6,4

-4,9

10

Public Debt (% of GDP):

83,7

94

108,2

124,1

129

11

Money (annual variation in %):

-4,3

1

-1,1

-7,5

1,9

12

Inflation (CPI, annual variation in %):

-0.9

1.4

3.6

2.8

0,4

13

Policy Interest Rate (%):

1

1

1

0,75

0,25

14

Stock Market (annual variation in %):

33,5

-10,3

-27,6

2,9

16

15

Current Account (% of GDP):

-10,9

-10,7

-7

-2,1

0,5

 

Military expenditures of GDP: 1.29%

Executive branch: chief of state: President Anibal CAVACO SILVA (since 9 March 2006)

head of government: Prime Minister Pedro Manuel PASSOS COELHO Mamede (since 21 June 2011)

  • Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

Legislative branch: unicameral Assembly of the Republic (230 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

  • last held on 5 June 2011 (next to be held by October 2015)

election results: percent of vote by party - PPD/PSD 38%, PS 28%, CDS/PP 11%, PCP/PEV (see CDU) 7%, BE 5%, other 11%; seats by party - PPD/PSD 108, PS 74, CDS/PP 24, PCP/PEV (see CDU) 16, BE 8

Judicial branch: highest court(s):  Supreme Court (consists of 12 justices); Constitutional Court (consists of 13 judges)

judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court justices nominated by the president and appointed by the Assembly of the Republic; judges appointed for life; Constitutional Court judges - 10 elected by the Assembly and 3 elected by the other Constitutional Court judges; judges elected for 6-year non-renewable terms

subordinate courts: Supreme Administrative Court; Audit Court appellate, district, and municipal courts

Telephones - main lines in use: 4558000

Telephones - mobile cellular: 12312000