The Inca Empire is one of the greatest civilizations of the past, with a rich history and culture and a significant influence on the modern world. This Indian state occupied wholly or partly the territory of six countries of modern South America.
Pre-Columbian America experienced the heyday and fall of the great civilizations - the Maya, the Aztecs, the Incas. The territory of modern Central and South America was inhabited by more than 5 thousand tribes. Some of them disappeared, leaving almost no trace. The others were completely destroyed. Most descendants of Indians of that era still live in Mexico, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and other countries of South America.
The mysteries of ancient civilizations left by the Inca Indians, the unique natural beauty of nature, the fairly high level of service in hotels and the quite loyal prices of tourist services have made Peru a real paradise for tourists.
Tourists, arriving in this country, as a rule, immediately go to examine the historical monuments of the ancient civilizations.
The exposition of the museum, which is located in the building of the state bank of Colombia, you can see the figures made of pure gold. They are very similar to beautiful birds. Their size is only from one to four centimeters. Scientists have discovered them during the scientific and archeological expeditions, during excavations of the burials of the leaders of Indian tribes. Presumably, they were used as decorations in the form of brooches. But there is also a hypothesis that these are ancient amulets.
The Peruvian government seeks to protect Mashco-piro an Amazonian tribe which has been living in isolation for years and recently began to leave its territory, probably driven by mining and illegal logging.
It is an ethnic group of hunters and gatherers who speak an unknown language. Consisting of about 800 members, for years the tribe has lived on a reservation of Madre de Dios (on the border with Brazil), the region with the largest illegal gold production in the country, but now it is moving.
Yuri Knorozov, or how a scientist, who deciphered the Mayan writing system, has become a symbol of Russian-Mexican scientific cooperation.
Culture of peoples that inhabited the New World territory in pre-Columbian era has always attracted the attention of scientists from all over the world. Not only scientists but just curious people also took part in the researches – dozens of daredevils of different nationalities set off on the dangerous expedition into the wild places of Yucatan, the Amazon and the Peruvian desert for discoveries.