United States

Body: 

Map:

Flag:

Coat of arms :

Capital: Washington

Geographic coordinates: 38 00 N, 97 00 W

Territory: total:  9,826,675 km2; land: 9,161,966 km2; water: 664,709 km2

Land boarder: 12,034 km

Coastline: 19,924 km

Natural resources: coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, rare earth elements, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber

Land use: arable land: 16.29%; permanent crops: 0.26%; other: 83.44%

Ethnic groups: white 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61%

Languages: English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7%

Religions: Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4%

Population: 318,892,103

Median age: total: 37.6 years; male: 36.3 years; female: 39 years

Population growth rate: 0.77%

Administrative divisions: 50 states and 1 district*; Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia*, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Economics:

 

 

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

1

GDP per capita (USD):

46,907

48,294

49,797

51,709

53,101

2

GDP (USD bn):

14,418

14,958

15,534

16,245

16,8

3

Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %):

-2,8

2,5

1,9

2,8

1,9

4

Consumption (annual variation in %):

-1,6

2

2,6

2,2

2

5

Investment (annual variation in %):

-16,7

1,5

6,3

8,3

4,5

6

Industrial Production (annual variation in %):

-11,3

5,7

3,3

3,8

2,9

7

Retail Sales (annual variation in %):

-7,3

5,5

7,4

5,2

4,1

8

Unemployment Rate:

9,3

9,6

8,9

8,1

7,4

9

Fiscal Balance (% of GDP):

-9,8

-8,7

-8,4

-6,7

-4,1

10

Public Debt (% of GDP):

85,6

93,9

98,2

101,3

103,4

11

Money (annual variation in %):

8

2,5

7,3

8,6

6,8

12

Inflation (CPI, annual variation in %):

-0,3

1,6

3,1

2,1

1,5

13

Policy Interest Rate (%):

0,25

0,25

0,25

0,25

0,25

14

Stock Market (annual variation in %):

18,8

11

5,5

7,3

26,5

15

Current Account (% of GDP):

-2,6

-3

-3

-2,8

-2,4

Military expenditures of GDP: 4.35%

Executive branch: chief of state: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Barack H. OBAMA (since 20 January 2009); Vice President Joseph R. BIDEN (since 20 January 2009)

cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president with Senate approval

elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by a college of representatives who are elected directly from each state; president and vice president serve four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held 6 November 2012 (next to be held on 8 November 2016)

election results: Barack H. OBAMA reelected president; percent of popular vote - Barack H. OBAMA 50.6%, Mitt ROMNEY 47.9%, other 1.5%;