Canada

Map:

Flag:

Coat of arms :

Capital: Ottawa

Geographic coordinates: 60 00 N, 95 00 W

Territory: 9,984,670 km2

Land boarder: 8,893 km

Coastline: 202,080 km

Natural resources: iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower

Land use: arable land: 4.3%, permanent crops: 0.49%, other: 95.2%

Ethnic groups: Canadian 32.2%, English 19.8%, French 15.5%, Scottish 14.4%, Irish 13.8%, German 9.8%, Italian 4.5%, Chinese 4.5%, North American Indian 4.2%, other 50.9%

Languages: English (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5%

Religions: Catholic 40.6% (includes Roman Catholic 38.8%, Orthodox 1.6%, other Catholic .2%), Protestant 20.3% (includes United Church 6.1%, Anglican 5%, Baptist 1.9%, Lutheran 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.5%, Presbyterian 1.4%, other Protestant 2.9%), other Christian 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9%

Population: 34,834,841

Median age: total: 41.7 years; male: 40.4 years; female: 42.9 years

Population growth rate: 0.76% 

Administrative divisions: 10 provinces and 3 territories*; Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories*, Nova Scotia, Nunavut*, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon*

Economics:

 

 

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

1

GDP per capita (USD):

40,911

47,532

51,873

52,466

52,025

2

GDP (USD bn):

1,374

1,614

1,779

1,821

1,826

3

Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %):

-2,7

3,4

2,5

1,7

2

4

Consumption (annual variation in %):

0,3

3,5

2,3

1,9

2,4

5

Investment (annual variation in %):

-8,6

11,3

2,3

3,7

-0,2

6

Industrial Production (annual variation in %):

-11

6

3,9

0,9

1,8

7

Retail Sales (annual variation in %):

-2,3

3,1

1,9

1,7

3

8

Unemployment Rate:

8,3

8

7,4

7,3

7,1

9

Fiscal Balance (% of GDP):

-2,7

-2,1

-1,3

-1

-0,9

10

Public Debt (% of GDP):

31,5

33,5

33,9

33,9

33,4

11

Money (annual variation in %):

9,3

5,5

6,5

5,5

6,9

12

Inflation (CPI, annual variation in %):

0,3

1,8

2,9

1,5

0,9

13

Policy Interest Rate (%):

0,25

1

1

1

1

14

Stock Market (annual variation in %):

30,7

14,5

-11,1

4

9,6

15

Current Account (% of GDP):

-2,9

-3,5

-2,8

-3,4

-3,2

 

Military expenditures of GDP: 1.24%

Executive branch: head of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General David JOHNSTON (since 1 October 2010).

Head of government: Prime Minister Stephen Joseph HARPER (since 6 February 2006).

Cabinet: Federal Ministry chosen by the prime minister usually from among the members of his own party sitting in Parliament.

Elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister for a five-year term; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition in the House of Commons generally designated prime minister by the governor general.

Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of the Senate or Senat (105 seats; members appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister and serve until 75 years of age) and the House of Commons or Chambre des Communes (308 seats; members elected by direct, popular vote to serve a maximum of four-year terms)

elections: House of Commons - last held on 2 May 2011 (next to be held no later than 19 October 2015)

election results: House of Commons - percent of vote by party - Conservative Party 39.6%, NDP 30.6%, Liberal Party 18.9%, Bloc Quebecois 6%, Greens 3.9%; seats by party - Conservative Party 166, NDP 103, Liberal Party 34, Bloc Quebecois 4, Greens 1

Judicial branch: highest court(s): Supreme Court of Canada (consists of the chief justice and 8 judges)

note - in 1949, Canada finally abolished all appeals beyond its Supreme Court to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)

judge selection and term of office: chief justice and judges appointed by the prime minister in council; all judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 75

subordinate courts: federal level: Federal Court of Appeal; Federal Court; Tax Court; federal administrative tribunals; courts martial; provincial/territorial: provincial superior, appeals, first instance, and specialized courts; in 1999, the Nunavut Court - a circuit court with the power of a superior court and the territorial courts - was established to serve isolated settlements

Telephones - main lines in use: 18`010`000

Telephones - mobile cellular: 26`263`000